Little Tennessee Native Fish Conservation Area


    2018 Accomplishments Report

    2018 was another outstanding year for the partnership, from creating a Facebook page, publishing journal articles, propagation and reintroduction of multiple fish and mussel species, restoring stream banks, Shade Your Stream tree planting events and more.

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    2017 Accomplishments - a big year

    2017 was a tremendous year for the partnership, from getting snorkeling events going to recording video for upcoming movie shorts about the basin. Read more here.

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    Looking back at 2016

    Photo: Biologists unload sicklefin redhorses for tagging. Credit - G. Peeples

    The partnership just produced it's first annual accomplishment report. What a great year - from river snorkeling to fish conservation. Check it out.

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    Biologists hit the water, preparing to expand snorkeling offerings

    The Cherokee National Forest has been a leader in offering river snorkeling programs to forest visitors. The Little Tennessee Native Fish Conservation Partnership recently acquired several sets of snorkeling equipment in order to offer more snorkeling outings across the basin. Partnership members recently hit the Oconaluftee River to learnPhoto: Steve Fraley show Erin McCombs a crayfish. Credit: G. Peeples the ins and outs of offering a snorkeling program. Check out the photos.

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    Steering committee meeting - June 24 in Cherokee, N.C.

    The Little Tennessee Native Fish Conservation Partnership semi-annual steering committee is coming up - Friday June 24. Check out the agenda for more details.

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    Partners hit water for sicklefin redhorse

    Federal, tribal, state, and private organizations came together this April and May to help conserve the sicklefin redhorse. The latest installment of years of effort started by the NC Wildlife Resources Commission, biologists collected data on on sicklefins, 2016 04-Sicklefin-Peeples-Crystal Ruble Jackie Zelkotagged them, and collected sperm and eggs for captive rearing. For more photos, visit:

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    More info on the Citico Creek buffalo run

    Jim Herring, aquatic biologist on the Cherokee National Forest, shared some information on the buffalo run that should be helpful to folks looking to venture to Citico Creek and bear witness to this fish phenomenon. Here's a summary of Jim's data on the timing and scale of past events, which can hopefully help you time your visit to this year's event. 

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    Partners Commit to Sicklefin Redhorse

    Power companies, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, and state and federal agencies have come together to conserve the sicklefin redhorse, a fish found in only six Appalachian counties worldwide and being considered for the federal endangered species list.

    Sicklefin redhorse, credit: Steve Fraley

    Sicklefin redhorse, credit: Steve Fraley

    Read more about it over at the Fish and Wildlife Service website

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    Spotfin Chub and Mussel Reintroductions in the Cheoah River

    The Spotfin chub (Erimonax monachus), a brilliantly-colored, large minnow on the federal threatened species list, has been the focus of a series of reintroductions aimed at restoring native aquatic diversity back to the Cheoah River, a Little Tennessee River tributary.


    Spotfin Chub

    In 2005, minimum and ecologically improved flows were established in the Cheoah River and other habitat improvements have occurred as part of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Relicense Agreement.  Restoration of multiple species, including Appalachian elktoe, Alasmidonta raveneliana (Fed. & NC Endangered); Spotfin chub (Fed. & NC Threatened); Wavy-rayed lampmussel, Lampsilis fasciola and Rainbow mussel, Villosa iris (both NC Species of Concern), are part of the cooperative restoration plan for the Cheoah River.

    Spotfin chubs are bred and reared in captivity from adults collected from the Little Tennessee River in Macon and Swain counties, NC. Reintroductions of captively-bred Spotfin chubs into the Cheoah began in 2009, and there have been approximately 1700 released to date. A total of 250 wild adults collected from the Little Tennessee River were also released in 2013 and 2014  Reproduction was first documented there in 2010 and continuously every year since.

    This project has involved multi-agency cooperation with US Fish and Wildlife Service, US Forest Service; NC Wildlife Resources Commission, University of Tennessee and Conservation Fisheries, Inc., and major financial support from Brookfield Renewable Energy Partners. Wavy-rayed lampmussels and the wounded darter, a small, bottom-dwelling fish, are also being reintroduced.  Other native species that have been stocked more recently into the Cheoah River include the rainbow, slippershell and Appalachian elktoe mussels.  In total ~33,000 mussels have been propagated and re-introduced into the Cheoah.

    Tagged slippershell mussels ready for release.

    Tagged slippershell mussels ready for release in 2015.

    Conservation Fisheries, Inc. in Knoxville, TN has been propagating the fish species for reintroduction using parent stock from the Little Tennessee River, while the mussels were translocated from the Little Tennessee River and have been propagated in NCWRC’s Conservation Aquaculture Center (CAC) in Marion, NC from Little Tennessee River broodstock.

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    Dam removed from Citico Creek

    American Rivers, the U.S. Forest Service, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service come together to remove a dam on Citico Creek in east Tennessee. Read more at:

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